Windows Version Label
|Windows 1.0||Nov. 20, 1985|
- The absolute first release of the Windows opearting system.
|Windows 2.0 / Windows 286||Dec. 9, 1987|
- 16-bit Microsoft Windows graphical user interface based operating environment.
- It was released on December 9, 1987.
|Windows 3.0 / Windows 386||May 22, 1990|
- Capable of addressing memory segments beyond 640K.
- More powerful / useful user interface.
- More than ten million copies sold.
|Windows 3.1||April 6, 1992|
- More tha 3 million copies sold in a little over two months.
|Windows for Work-groups 3.1||Oct. 27, 1992|
- Free upgrade from Microsoft.
|Windows NT 3.1||Jul. 27, 1993|
- Added supported for workgroup computing including peer-to-peer networking.
- Two additional applications included: Microsoft Mail a Schedule+.
- High end operating system intended for servers a software development machines.
- Based on all new operating system kernel; far different an e one used in Windows 3.1.
|Windows NT 3.5||Sep. 21st, 1994|
- Improved performance through new OLE 2.0 interface.
- Replaced Windows NT 3.1; NT 3.5 Server replaces NT 3.1 Advanced Server.
|Windows NT 4.0|| Aug. 24, 1996|
- Code-name “Cairo”. Microsoft’s object oriented Windows.
|Windows 95A||Aug. 24, 1995|
- 32-bit based pre-emptive multitasking based operating system.
- Advanced file systems and networking components.
- Included MS-DOS 7.0.
- Completely new user interface.
| || || |
|Windows 95C||Aug. 24, 1997|
- Most notable change is built in support for USB devices.
- Also fixes previous issues discovered in the 95A a 95B releases.
|Windows 98||Jun. 25 1998|
- Following design concepts presented win Windows 95, specifically better user interface including a built in internal and external web browser.
- New Active Desktop features.
- Enhanced support for larger hard drives using FAT32 file system.
- Support for DVD, Fire-wire, USB, and AGP devices.
- Better defragmentation tools.
|Windows 98 Second Edition (SE)||May 5, 1999|
- Win 98 SE includes fixes for many minor issues, improved WDM audio a modem support, and featured improved USB support, replacement of Internet Explorer 4.0 with Internet Explorer 5.0, Web Folders (WebDAV name-space extension for Windows Explorer), and related shell updates.
|Windows NT 4.0||Aug. 24, 1996|
- Windows NT 4.0 is a preemptively multi tasked graphical operating system, designed to work with their uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processorcomputers. It was part of Microsoft’s Windows NT family of operating systems.
|Windows 2000 Professional||Feb. 17, 2000|
- New highly scale-able operating system with better security features for files and network connections.
- Built in support for VPN (Virtual Private Networks).
- Easier methods for setting access permissions to files and folders locally and on a network.
- Windows installer features make it simple to distribute software over a network.
|Windows ME||Sep. 14, 2000|
- Targeted at the home user, offering added multimedia support including automated video editing tools, and improved Internet browsing.
- Windows ME is a simple upgrade to the original DOS-based code that all previous Windows versions utilized.
|Windows XP||Oct. 25, 2001|
- Entirely new and improved Windows operating system adding a 32-bit based kernel a drive set (the same found in Windows NT and 2000 machines).
- Backwards compatibility for programs requiring earlier versions of Windows or DOS.
- Released in two flavours: XP Home and XP Professional.
- Home edition more suitable for the average home user not requiring advanced networking and system tools; XP Professional was best suited for a high performance PC or end user wishing to operate a small business.
- New product activation features reduces software piracy through automated software registration tools.
|Windows XP 64-Bit Edition (v2002)||Oct. 25, 2001|
- Code-named “Freestyle” during its development, was first released in September 2002.
|Windows XP Media Centre Edition||Oct. 31st, 2002|
- Windows XP Media Center Edition (MCE) is a version of the Windows XP operating system which was the first version of Windows to include Windows Media Center, designed to serve as a home-entertainment hub.
|Windows XP 64-Bit Edition (v2003)||Mar. 28, 2003|| |
|Windows Server 2003||Apr. 24, 2003|
- It was a successor of Windows 2000 Server a incorporated some of Windows XP’s features.
- An updated version, Windows Server 2003 R2, was released to manufacturing on December 6, 2005. Its successor, Windows Server 2008, was released on February 4, 2008.
- Windows Server 2003’s kernel was later adopted in the development of Windows Vista.
| || || |
|Windows XP Media Center Edition 2004||Sep. 30, 2003|| |
|Windows XP Media Centre Edition 2005||Oct. 12, 2004|
- Windows XP Media Center Edition is distinguished with its exclusive component, Media Center, a media player at supports watching a recording TV programs, as well as playing DVD-Video, photo slideshows, and music.
- Media Center sports a user interface that is optimized for use from a distance with large fonts and icons.
- Due to its strict hardware requirements, Microsoft opted not to supply Media Center as an independent retail version.
- Microsoft only distributed it to MSDN subscribers a original equipment manufacturers in certain countries.
- Consumers purchase Media Center preinstalled on a new computer, set-top box or embedded device.
- Successors of Windows XP did not have a Media Center edition but the player itself came with Windows.
|Windows XP Professional x64 Edition||Apr. 25, 2005|
- An edition of Windows XP for x86-64 personal computers. It is designed to use e expanded 64-bit memory address space provided by e x86-64 architecture.
- Windows XP Professional x64 Edition uses the same kernel a code tree as Windows Server 2003 and is serviced by the same service pack.
|Windows Server 2003 R2||Dec. 6, 2005|
- Follow-up to Windows 2000 Server, incorporating compatibility and other features from Windows XP. Unlike Windows 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003’s default installation has none of e server components enabled.
- Includes compatibility modes to allow older applications to run with greater stability. It was made more compatible with Windows NT 4.0 domain-based networking.
- Enhanced Active Directory compatibility, a better deployment support, to ease the transition from Windows NT 4.0 to Windows Server 2003 a Windows XP Professional.
|Windows Fuamentals for Legacy PCs||Jul. 8, 2006|
- Thin client operating system from Microsoft. WinFLP is based on Windows XP Embedded a is optimized for older, less powerful hardware.
|Windows Vista for Business use||Nov. 30, 2006|
- Codenamed Longhorn for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs a media centre PCs.
- Development was completed on 8 November 2006, and over th following three months, it was released in stages to computer hardware and software manufacturers, business customers and retail channels.
- On 30 January 2007, it was released worldwide and was made available for purchase and download from the Windows Marketplace.
|Windows Vista for Home use||Jan. 30, 2007|
- Microsoft’s primary stated objective with Windows Vista was to improve the state of security in the Windows operating system.
- One common criticism of Windows XP a its predecessors was their commonly exploited security vulnerabilities and overall susceptibility to malware, viruses a buffer overflows.
|Windows Home Server||Nov. 7, 2007|
- Windows Home Server, code-named Quattro, is a home server operating system from Microsoft.
- Windows Home Server is based on Windows Server 2003 R2 and is intended to be a solution for homes with multiple connected PCs to offer file sharing, automated backups, print server, and remote access.
|Windows Server 2008||Feb. 27, 2008|
- Sometimes abbreviated as “Win2K8” “WinServer2K8” “Windows 2008” or “W2K8”) is one of Microsoft Windows’ server line of operating systems.
- Released to manufacturing on February 4, 2008, and officially released on February 27, 2008, it is the successor to Windows Server 2003, released nearly five years earlier.
- A second release, named Windows Server 2008 R2, was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009.
|Windows 7||Oct. 22, 2009|
- Primarily intended to be an incremental upgrade to e operating system intending to address Windows Vista’s poor critical reception while maintaining hardware a software compatibility.
- Windows 7 continued improvements on Windows Aero (the user interface introduced in Windows Vista) with the addition of a redesigned taskbar.
- A new “Action Center” interface was also added to provide an overview of system security a maintenance information, a tweaks were made to e User Account Control system to make it less intrusive.
- Windows 7 also shipped with updated versions of several stock applications, including Internet Explorer 8, Windows Media Player, a Windows Media Center.
|Windows Server 2008 R2||Oct. 22, 2009|
- Server operating system produced by Microsoft. It was released to manufacturing (RTM) on July 22, 2009 a launched on October 22, 2009.
- According to e Windows Server Blog, e retail availability was September 14, 2009.
- It is built on e same kernel used with the client-oriented Windows 7. It is the first 64-bit–only operating system released from Microsoft.
- Enhancements include new functionality for Active Directory, new virtualisation and management features
- Version 7.5 of e Internet Information Services (IIS) web server a support for up to 256 logical processors.
- There are seven editions: Foundation, Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web, HPC Server and Itanium, as well as Windows Storage Server 2008 R2.
|Windows Home Server 2011||Apr. 6, 2011|
- Code named Vail, is a home server operating system by Microsoft designed for small office/home offices a homes with multiple connected PCs to offer protected file storage, file sharing, automated PC backup, remote access, a remote control of PC desktops.
- It was released on 6 April 2011 following the release of Power Pack 3 for its aging predecessor, Windows Home Server. Windows Home Server 2011 is the last Windows Home Server release a was succeeded by Windows Server 2012 Essentials.
|Windows in PC||July 1st, 2011|
- On February 9, 2011, Microsoft announced Windows in PC, a branded derivative of Windows Embedded Standard.
- It succeeded Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs, which was based on Windows XP Embedded. Windows in PC was released on June 6, 2011.
- Windows in PC is supported until October 12, 2021.
|Windows Server 2012||Sep. 4, 2012|
- Windows Server 2012, code-named “Windows Server 8”, is the six release of Windows Server.
- It is the server version of Windows 8 and succeeds Windows Server 2008 R2. Two pre-release versions, a developer preview a a beta version, were released during development.
- The software was generally available to customers starting on September 4, 2012.
|Windows 8||Oct. 26, 2012|
- Development of Windows 8 started before the release of its predecessor, Windows 7, in 2009.
- It was announced at CES 2011, a followed by e release of pre-release versions from September 2011 to May 2012.
- The operating system was released to manufacturing on August 1, 2012, and was released for general availability on October 26, 2012.
- Introduced major changes to the operating system’s platform a user interface to improve its user experience on tablets, where Windows was now competing with mobile operating systems, including Android and iOS. In particular, these changes included a touch-optimized Windows shell based on Microsoft’s “Metro” design language, e Start screen (which displays programs a dynamically updated content on a grid of tiles), a new platform for developing “apps” with an emphasis on touchscreen input, integration with online services (including the ability to synchronize apps a settings between devices), a Windows Store, an online store for downloading a purchasing new software.
- Windows 8 added support for USB 3.0, Advanced Format hard drives, near field communications, a cloud computing. Additional security features were introduced, such as built-in antivirus software, integration with Microsoft SmartScreen phishing filtering service a support for UEFI Secure Boot on supported devices with UEFI firmware, to prevent malware from infecting the boot process.
|Windows RT||Oct. 26, 2012|
- Mobile operating system.
- First unveiled in January 2011 at Consumer Electronics Show, the Windows 8 RT operating system was officially launched alongside Windows 8 on October 26, 2012.
- Unlike Windows 8, Windows RT is only available as pre-loaded software on devices specifically designed for e operating system by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).
- Microsoft intended for devices with Windows RT to take advantage of e architecture’s power efficiency to allow for longer battery life, to use system-on-chip (SoC) designs to allow for inner devices, a to provide a “reliable” experience over time.
- In comparison to the mobile operating systems, Windows RT also supports a relatively large number of existing USB peripherals a accessories, and includes a version of Microsoft Office 2013 optimized for ARM devices as pre-loaded software. However, while Windows RT inherits the appearance and functionality of Windows 8, it has a number of limitations; it can only execute software at is digitally signed by Microsoft (which includes pre-loaded software and Windows Store apps), and it lacks certain developer-oriented features.
|Windows 8.1||Oct. 18, 2013|
- Code-named Blue is an upgrade for Windows 8.
- First unveiled a released as a public beta in June 2013, it was released to manufacturing on August 27, 2013, a reached general availability on October 17, 2013, almost a year after e retail release of its predecessor.
- Unlike service packs on previous versions of Windows, users who obtained Windows 8 outside of retail copies or pre-loaded installations (i.e., volume licensing) must obtain Windows 8.1 rough new installation media from their respective subscription or enterprise channel.
- Microsoft’s support life cycle policy treats Windows 8.1 similar to previous service packs of Windows: It is part of Windows 8’s support life cycle, a installing Windows 8.1 is required to maintain access to support a Windows updates after January 12, 2016. However, unlike previous service packs, Windows 8.1 cannot be acquired via Windows Update.
|Windows RT 8.1||Oct. 18, 2013|
- To use touch, you need a tablet or a monitor that supports multi-touch
- To access the Windows Store and to download, run, and snap apps, you need an active Internet connection and a screen resolution of at least 1024 x 768
- Microsoft account required for some features
- Internet access (ISP fees might apply)
- Secure boot requires firmware that supports UEFI v2.3.1 Errata B and has the Microsoft Windows Certification Authority in the UEFI signature database
- Some games and programs might require a graphics card compatible with DirectX 10 or higher for optimal performance
|Windows Server 2012 R2||Oct. 18, 2013|
- Windows Server 2012 R2 was released on October 18, 2013.
- It was unveiled on June 3, 2013 at TechEd North America.
- A further update, formally designated Windows Server 2012 R2 Update, was released in April 2014, a cumulative set of security updates and enhancement updates.
- Windows Server 2012 R2 was succeeded by Windows Server 2016.
|Windows 10||Jul. 29, 2015|
- It was officially unveiled in September 2014 following a brief demo at Build 2014.
- The first version of this operating system entered a public beta testing process in October, leading up to its consumer release on July 29, 2015.
- Unlike previous versions of Windows, Microsoft has branded Windows 10 as a “service” at receives ongoing “feature updates”; devices in enterprise environments can receive updates at a slower pace, or use long-term support milestones at only receive critical updates, such as security patches, over eir five-year lifespan of mainstream support.
- Windows 10 introduces what Microsoft described as “universal apps”; expanding on Metro-style apps.
- The inteface includes an updated Start menu which incorporates elements of Windows 7’s Start menu,.
- The first release of Windows 10 also introduces a virtual desktop system, a desktop management feature called Task View, Microsoft Edge web browser, support for fingerprint a face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, a DirectX 12 a WDDM 2.0 to improve the operating system’s graphics capabilities for games.
|Windows Server 2016||Sep. 27, 2016|
- Windows Server 2016 is a server operating system developed by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems, developed concurrently wi Windows 10.
- The first early preview version (Technical Preview) became available on October 1, 2014.
- Windows Server 2016 was released on September 26, 2016 at Microsoft’s Ignite conference a became generally available on October 12, 2016.
|Table 2.1a – Timeline History Of Microsoft Windows Operating Systems|